Why is my air conditioner making a humming noise?

May 31, 2019

 

If your air conditioner is humming, it may mean there is an electrical or mechanical problem. Take steps now to determine the issue with your air conditioner.

Potential causes of your cooling system’s humming may include:

  • The condenser fan motor on the unit could be unable to spin but is still connected to power, creating resistance that results in a pronounced—and often loud—humming sound.
  • There could be a mechanical or electrical [malfunction|failure|breakdown]9] with the contractor relay switch, which is responsible for starting the outside unit when the indoor temperature rises to the level where cooling is required. When the contractor fails, it can create a humming sound. The switch can be found in the exterior condenser unit outside your home.
  • The circuit breaker is overloaded - normally, your circuit breaker trips if it becomes overloaded. However, if the circuit breaker is faulty and cannot trip, you can hear an electrical humming noise.
  • Ice on condenser - if your unit freezes over, this can produce a loud humming or buzzing noise. If your air conditioner is frozen, there are a handful of other potential causes such as a refrigerant leak, clogged air filter or damaged blower motor. A broken blower motor will often create a humming or buzzing noise, and is located in your furnace. If the furnace is installed near the exterior condenser, you might mistake the source of the humming noise. With the AC running, found out if the humming or buzzing is louder near the exterior condenser unit or the furnace.
  • The AC Condenser Fan Motor is broken - like the blower motor failing, a broken condenser fan motor can also cause a humming noise when it breaks. If the indoor blower is running but the fan is not turning, your fan motor may emit a loud buzz. Some people perceive this noise as more of a hum than a buzz. There can be several causes for a failure of this part including debris reaching the condenser, overgrowth near the unit, loose parts, etc.
  • Loose components inside the air conditioner - Your HVAC system is an intricate machine with a large number of moving parts. Over time, it’s possible that a handful of parts came loose due to typical wear and tear. A loose part can cause premature wear and loud noises, including a humming noise.
  • Refrigerant pipes are vibrating - If your refrigerant lines are undercharged, it can cause vibration. This vibration will sometimes sound like a humming noise. There may be other causes for a vibrating refrigerant line, like an improperly mounted expansion valve.

A humming sound is evidence that something inside your air conditioner is off and needs attention. Given the causes above, it’s crucial to determine where the sound is coming from. Your whole HVAC system is one unit. The air conditioner relies on adequate airflow to operate correctly. Air blows through the air filter, and it’s the blower motor (located inside the furnace) that circulates air through the entire system to heat or cool your home. If the air filter is dirty, or the blower motor breaks, that can cause issues with your condenser unit located outside the home.

Resolving the AC humming issue requires a technician to perform a diagnostic assessment on your whole unit. This work should never be completed by a homeowner, but only by a certified professional. Your HVAC system has hazardous refrigerants running through it that should be safely handled only by a professional. Electrical components to your system should never be adjusted by a novice due to the danger of electrocution. Homeowners are better served hiring an HVAC company to diagnose and repair their system if they notice any odd humming, whirring, or buzzing noises coming from their unit.

If a component like the blower motor is damaged, it may be because your furnace is near the end of its life. The blower motor is not a component that needs to be replaced regularly. Working with Service Experts Heating & Air Conditioning, we will not only diagnose your problem and offer recommendations to resolve things as soon as possible, we’ll also assess your HVAC system as a whole. If your unit has to be replaced, we have affordable options with top tier service available through financing. We also have the Advantage program that will get you a new system for a low monthly rate.